Idli, Steamed Indian Rice Cakes, 'The Healthy Street Food'. A Guest Post by love food eat

This dish is what I consider to be quintessential Indian and am so happy the very talented Chimnayie (@chinmayiebhat) of  love food eat agreed to feature it for my India series. I know the effort that goes into writing a post such as this and I hope you will recognize it too. The craft of this rice cakes or bread making I consider the true sense of old world artisanal. Fermenting and steaming it to a perfect spongy, delicate consistency is a true art form. I even considered making it for Thanksgiving in lieu of corn bread. I found Chimnayie's recent post 'What I grew up eating...' captivating and her Black and White photography is breathtaking. You will also find her site vegan centric.
Before you head to the Indian grocer or online to purchase an idli steamer, if you have any type of a steamer at home, check at your local Indian grocer if they sell individual idli bread shallow aluminum/tin/stainless steel  plates.
'The Healthy Street Food - Idli', A Guest post for ‘Food Wandering’
I have been following Shulie’s food blog from the time I started blogging and have always loved her beautiful photos and great recipes. I have also followed her amazing ‘Indian Street Food’ series as some of my most favourite bloggers have guest posted for it. When I received an email from her asking if I am interested in contributing to her blog I was so exited that just couldn’t believe it. To be following senior bloggers like Prerna, Soma, Aparna (and many many more) is a great honor for me! Thank you for thie opportunity Shulie! This is also my first guest post which makes it even more special 
 
Also… street food is a subject close to my heart. Like many other foodies I too believe that some of the best food options are always available on roads. Food is always fresh and has to taste fabulous as it comes with no frills.  There are several dishes from the streets of Bangalore that I totally adore. I had no clue which one of these to choose for the guest post. After talking/planning about a few of these dishes and exchanging many emails with Shulie, we finally decided on ‘idli’.
When I think of street food, the first picture I have in my mind is of a plate of hot hot idlies fresh out of the steamer with some spicy coconut chutney and sambar. It’s the most beloved street food of Bangalore without a doubt. People of all age groups love them and enjoy it any time of the day. When I was a student this was my breakfast or lunch many times a week as it’s one of the healthiest street food options and is always inexpensive J They are filling and tasty. Each restaurant has it’s own unique sambar or chutney recipe and I am till date never tired of it. I make it at home for breakfast and then go out in the evening for a quick snack and end up ordering them once again.
Though making idlies sounds fairly simple and easy it’s never really easy to master the art of making the perfect idlies. They have to be soft, fluffy, moist and spongy but not too sour, mushy or hard. It’s all about the perfect proportions and fermentation. But once you master it making idly is a cakewalk! For the longest time my idlies just wouldn’t turn out good. After a lot of research, trying out various proportions I can now proudly say that I make good idlies.  South India is blessed with the perfect warm, humid weather most of the year which is essential for the proper fermentation of the batter. I have heard that it’s a great challenge outside India. Since I live in India, I can’t give any suggestions in this department. I found Sala of ‘Veggie Bellies’s post on Idli-Dosa batter extremely helpful to troubleshoot most common challenges. Make sure you check it out!  http://www.veggiebelly.com/2011/03/perfect-dosa-recipe.html
Today I am sharing a basic Idli recipe made from scratch. It has very simple humble ingredients and this is how it’s made traditionally in most South Indian homes for generations. Each one of us have our own favorite idli recipe. I like my idlies soft and a little grainy. This is how I make them.  I have tried to explain steps in detail and I hope this post can be helpful to you all.
Ingredients:
3 cups par boiled rice (idli rice)
1 cup de-husked whole black gram
1/2 tbsp fenugreek seeds
A handful of cooked rice / flattened rice
1-2 tsp salt
1 tsp oil to grease the moulds
Equipment:
Wet grinder
Idli steamer
Wash well and Soak the rice and black gram with fenugreek seeds separately for at least 6-8 hours with just enough water to submerge them.


Drain both and reserve both the water separately. Grind the black gram with fenugreek seeds into a silky smooth batter with the water that it was soaked in. Using a wet grinder would be ideal but I use my regular blender and idlies come out just fine. Grind it till it’s done and then grind it some more. Do not make it watery, use just enough water to grind. Making this extra smooth is the secret behind soft idlies. Watch out for small bubbles that appear while grinding, it means the batter is now ready. Keep this aside in a deep vessel.

Now grind the rice with the water reserved from soaking the black gram (if needed with the water rice was soaked in) till it’s almost done but still a little grainy. When it’s almost ready add the cooked rice or if using flattened rice, let it soak in water for 5-10 minutes. Grind it for 2 more minutes. At this stage if you want your idlies very soft without any grains continue to grind the rice till the batter is smooth.

Combine both the batters and mix well. Use your hands for the best results. Your body heat will help it get fermented better. Make sure there is enough room for the batter to double in the vessel.

Once combined well, close the vessel with a lid (not air-tight) and place it in the warmest place in your house, let it ferment over night. You can cover the vessel with a thick blanket if the weather is not warm enough.

Next morning the batter should have doubled.

Add salt and mix the batter well.

Pour it into slightly greased moulds and steam for 10 – 15 minutes. Idlies get cooked really fast so make sure not to overcook them. get them out of their moulds and Serve them with piping hot sambar or fresh coconut chutney.